Having been diagnosed with a particular psychological disorder comes with significant psychotherapy to put a stop in reenacting destructive patterns to better cope, resolve, and promote quality of life.

There are several types of psychotherapy that targets and focuses on different aspects depending on the diagnosis and the problems they are addressing. Types of psychotherapy include humanistic, psychodynamic, cognitive, cognitive-behavioral, group therapy, behavioral, and more.

In today’s article, let us explore and discover where these types of psychotherapy are applied and how it helps to resolve difficult situations and cope through problems.

Psychotherapy definition

Psychotherapy or “talk therapy” is the generic term that defines the application of psychological procedures to help a person to overcome their difficulties and help a person change in a desirable way.

Psychotherapy is facilitated by a trained and licensed expert where the problems are psychologically addressed to better understand feelings, thoughts, and behaviors with the intent of solving the problem to achieve one’s sense of well-being.

A person usually talks during psychotherapy and the certified professional will employ comprehensive techniques founded on dialogue, communication, and behavior change to improve and promote the mental health of a patient or a group of people.

Different types of psychotherapy

Here are the various types of psychotherapy that are utilized by experts to properly address mental disorders:

Psychodynamic therapy

The goal of this psychotherapy is to disclose the unconscious contents to ease the unresolved and repressed memories of the past. Sigmund Freud is the man who first developed the model of psychotherapy which is called psychoanalysis.

Psychoanalysis is an overall term alluding to types of psychotherapy depending on the Freudian custom that looks to assist individuals to understand and resolve the dynamic battles or clashes between powers inside the unconscious mind as the base of abnormal behavior. The effective strategies that Freud used to achieve these objectives were free association, dream analysis, and the transference relationship.

Free association

Free association is the way toward communicating the contemplations that come extemporaneously in a person’s mind. Free association is known to continuously separate the barriers to disclosing the unconscious contents.

The clients are advised not to censor out the thoughts, but rather to let their psyches wander freely to confront the root problem. This psychotherapy technique usually begins with small talk but ends up having substantial and meaningful outcomes.

Dream analysis

For Freud, dreams are the royal road to the unconscious. This technique is where the therapists will allow the client to talk about their dreams and that dreams contain an explanation that is rooted in the unconscious. It is believed that when we are asleep, some of our defenses are down and that’s where the unconscious contents take into the form of symbols.

There are two types of content in an individual’s dream: manifest content and latent content. The manifest content is the dream that the individual experiences and explains, while the latent content is the unconscious matter that takes into a form of symbols and representations.


The transference relationship is viewed as a fundamental part of psychoanalysis. Freud found that patients reacted to him in manners that mirrored their emotions and perspectives toward other notable individuals in their lives.

A young man may view him as a father figure, uprooting, or channeling, to Freud his emotions toward his own father. Freud accepted that the transference relationship gives a vehicle to the reenactment of childhood disputes with loved ones.

With the notion of transference, Freud also explained the opposite of it which is called countertransference- where the therapist projected their emotions toward their clients. Experts of psychoanalysts are trained and undergo psychoanalysis so they can uncover the past motives that may affect their work in the present.

The psychoanalysts will observe and monitor their reactions so as to know when the counter-reactions or countertransference will occur during the therapy.

Behavior therapy

Behavior therapy is the systematic use of the standards of figuring out how to treat mental problems. Since the emphasis is on changing the behavior and not on character change or profound testing into the past—behavior therapy is moderately concise, ordinarily lasting from half a month to a couple of months.

Behavior therapy initially increased broad consideration as a method for helping individuals conquer fears and phobias, issues that had demonstrated impervious to insight-oriented therapies. Among the techniques utilized are systematic desensitization, gradual exposure, and modeling.

Systematic desensitization

This sort of therapy includes a therapeutic program of exposure of the customer, in the creative mind, or by methods for pictures or slides to continuously more dreadful upgrades while the person remains profoundly loose.

To begin with, the customer utilizes an unwinding strategy, for example, reformist unwinding, to turn out to be profoundly loose. The patient is then trained to envision or maybe view through a progression of slides dynamically more uneasiness stirring exhibitions.

In the event that fear is evoked, the client again rehearses an unwinding exercise to reestablish a relaxed state. The cycle is repeated until the client can endure the scene without tension.

Once the step is successfully done, the client will now progress to the fear-stimulus process where the procedures are resumed until the patient has become fully relaxed while visualizing the distressing scenario.

Gradual exposure

This therapy is the place where individuals look to overcome phobias and put themselves in circumstances in which they connect frightfully inclines in real-life experiences. Gradual exposure is often joined with cognitive methods that emphasize supplanting anxious-stimulating irrational thoughts contemplations with relaxing rational thoughts.


In modeling, people learn wanted behaviors by watching others performing them. The patient may watch and then copy others who effectively collaborate with stress-stimulating circumstances or items. Subsequent to watching the model, the client might be helped or guided by the therapist or the model is playing out the objective behavior. The client gets adequate support from the therapist for each endeavor.

Behavior therapists likewise use reinforcement procedures dependent on operant conditioning to shape wanted behavior. For instance, guardians and educators might be prepared to systematically reinforce kids for suitable behavior by indicating gratefulness for it and to douse wrong behavior by neglecting it.

Humanistic therapy

Humanistic therapists center around clients’ emotional, cognizant encounters. The significant type of humanistic therapy is person-centered therapy, additionally called client-centered therapy, which was created by the clinician Carl Rogers.

Person-centered therapy makes states of warmth and acknowledgment in the therapeutic relationship that assist clients with getting more mindful and accepting of their actual selves. Rogers didn’t really accept that therapists ought to force their own objectives or qualities on their clients. His emphasis on therapy, as the name infers, is the person.

Person-centered therapy is nondirective- which means the client takes the lead and coordinates the course of therapy and not the therapist. The therapist utilizes reflection that is the process of summarizing the client’s communicated sentiments without deciphering them or condemning them.

This urges the client to further explore and understand their sentiments and to connect with more profound emotions and parts of themself that had been repudiated in view of social justice.

Rogers focused on the significance of making a warm, therapeutic relationship that would urge the client to participate in self-investigation and self-connection. As clients feel acknowledged or valued for themselves, they are urged to appreciate and love themselves.

Therapists who show compassion can precisely reflect or reflect their clients’ encounters and emotions. Therapists attempt to see the world through their clients’ eyes or experiences. They listen cautiously to clients, putting aside their own judgment and interpretations.

Cognitive and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive therapists center around helping clients recognize and right wrongful reasoning, erroneous beliefs, and self-defeating mentalities that make or add to emotional issues.

They contend that antagonistic feelings, for example, anxiety and depression are brought about by understanding individuals put on upsetting functions, not on functions themselves.

Rational emotive therapy

In Ellis’ rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), therapists effectively question clients’ irrational convictions and the assumptions on which they are based and assist clients with creating elective, versatile beliefs in their place.

Rational emotive behavior therapists help clients with subbing more powerful interpersonal behavior for unreasonable or maladaptive behavior. Ellis often gave clients specific undertakings or schoolwork tasks.

For example, contradicting a domineering family member or approaching somebody for a date. He likewise helped them in rehearsing or practicing versatile behaviors.

Albert Ellis accepted that negative feelings, for example, anxiety and depression are brought about by the irrational behaviors by which we decipher or judge negative roles, not by the negative functions themselves.

Emotional troubles, for example, anxiety and depression are not legitimately brought about by negative functions, but instead by how we mutilate the importance of these functions by reviewing them through self-destructive convictions.

Beck’s cognitive therapy

Cognitive therapy is the fastest progressing and most investigated model of psychotherapy today. Cognitive therapists urge their clients to comprehend and change irrational thoughts, called cognitive distortions.

These irrational perspectives, Beck contends, underlie negative emotional states, for example, depression.

Cognitive therapists likewise utilize behavioral schoolwork tasks, for example, urging discouraged individuals to occupy their free time with systematic exercises like planting or finishing work around the house.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy draws on the presumption that reasoning patterns and beliefs influence behavior and that adjustments in these judgments can deliver engaging behavioral and emotional changes.

Cognitive-behavioral therapists utilize a collection of cognitive strategies, for example, changing maladaptive thoughts, and behavioral methods, for example, exposure to fear invoking circumstances.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy endeavors to incorporate therapeutic strategies that assist people with making changes in their clear behavior as well as in their fundamental thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes.

Group therapy

Group therapy has numerous benefits over individual treatment. For one, group therapy is less expensive to singular clients, because few clients are treated together. In group therapy, a group of clients gets together with a therapist or a couple of therapists.

Group therapy provides individuals the chance to work through their issues in identifying with others. For instance, the therapist or other group individuals may bring up how a specific part’s behavior in a group meeting mirrors the person’s behavior outside the group. The group may likewise practice social abilities with each other in a steadfast environment.

However, not all work well with group therapy because not all people are ready to disclose their problems in a group of people. Because of that, the therapist may request that the issue to be addressed is strictly confidential and that all members must be supportive and nondestructive to one another.

Couple therapy

Couple therapy centers around settling conflicts in upset couples, including wedded and unmarried couples. This type of therapy centers around improving communication and understanding each other’s role in the relationship.

The couple therapist brings these job relationships out from the dark so that accomplices can look at elective methods of identifying with each other that would prompt an all the more fulfilling relationship.

Family therapy

Family therapy expects to help disturbed families settle their contentions and issues so the family capacities better as a unit and individual family individuals are exposed to less pressure from family clashes.

In family therapy, family individuals figure out how to convey all the more viably and to air their differences helpfully

Numerous family therapists receive a systematic approach to deal with understanding the processes of the family and issues that may emerge inside the family. They see the issue behaviors of each family member as representing a breakdown in the system of communications and relationships inside the family.

Eclectic Therapy

This therapy incorporates standards and procedures from various therapy that they accept will deliver the best advantage in treating a specific patient. An eclectic or integrative therapist may utilize behavior therapy methods to enable a client to change explicit maladaptive behaviors.


Every psychological disorder comes with rightful intervention to impede maladaptive behaviors and irrational thinking. Exports in this field are adequately trained to properly address the issues of each individual encountering mental disorders.

One important takeaway from this article is that seeking help from professionals can guarantee you best practices and assistance to meet the desired outcomes. Each therapy has its own respective benefits targeting attitude, thoughts, emotions, and behavior that are destructive to yourself and to other people.

About Admin

Nicole T. Conquilla is a 21-year old registered Psychometrician in the Philippines. She is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Psychology who is a strong mental health advocate and encourages people to discuss, help, and support one another to cope and get through their mental health problems.

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