It is already given and known that self-care is important to keep ourselves at top of our game and to secure quality health and wellness. Self-care, however, is not just about “me-time” that most people know.

There are different scopes of self-care that focus on different aspects of our life including emotional, physical, psychological, spiritual, and more.

Learning about these concepts will help individuals switch through their self-soothing routine and focus on different extents of self-care as well.

In this article, we will thoroughly discuss various scopes of self-care and we can take good care of ourselves on each range.


Let’s begin with the most basic. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs, the ascending order of the pyramid shows that the basic needs, being the bottom portion, must be satisfied first before proceeding on to the higher level.

This goes the same way in self-care. Physical self-care involves getting enough sleep, eating some food filled with nutrients and vitamins for a stronger and healthier body, drinking plenty of water, enjoying bath time, and practicing regular exercise keeps our body in good shape.

Meeting these basic needs builds a strong baseline or foundation in looking after ourselves.

By eating nutritious food, you are safeguarding yourself against unwanted health problems; getting enough sleep ensures that you get the rightful energy you need to get through throughout the day; drinking loads of water keeps you hydrated and going; bathtime assures you hygienically clean to combat germs and bacteria; exercising at least twice a week helps your mind and body synchronized.

If you are meeting these, in such a way, you are taking good care of yourself.


Emotional self-care is important to look after once in a while. Sometimes people get into heavy emotions that are even more exhausting to address rather than the physical ones we usually feel.

There are various sources and reasons why we get emotionally exhausted. While all the feelings and emotions are all valid, it is also significant to know the ways to cope and take good care of our emotional health.

Once in awhile, journaling and reflecting on your own thoughts and asking yourself how you have been doing lately are some of the fundamental ways to understand yourself better.

Take time to think and reflect on the things that you are most grateful for, watch a good movie, or join and volunteer on advocacies that you have been thinking about for so long. Take a breather away from the news and do something that makes you laugh and genuinely happy.

Small steps of helping other people and even animals are simple and non-exhaustive means of checking your emotional health.


Interaction and connection with our family and friends are also important to keep the anxiety and loneliness at the bay. Our loved ones are the ones who make us feel valid, accepted, valuable, and loved. However, it is not always necessary to have them around at all times as constant social connection may leave us drained and tired.

It is also important to set boundaries in self-care. Listen to yourself and what you need at the moment. Solitude can also be beneficial to help us think better, so as to avoid weariness. Thus, it’s also important to communicate with your family and friends when you need hiatus.


Career is one of the most valued components of our life. Individuals work hard to make ends meet and improve their work ethic and efficiency as they go on about their day at work. Knowing when you need to take a break from work is vital in taking care of yourself.

Learning how to say no when you are debilitated is a huge part of the process, and setting up a goal and schedule throughout the day and always helping in tracking your progress- so when your day ends, you would not have to worry about squeezing in extra work and have a good rest afterward.


How are your surroundings? Is it messy? Is it filthy and has a stench of foul odor? Your environment sets a significant impact on your total well-being and health.

It is always important to clean your surroundings regularly to be more productive and conducive to achieving your tasks and goals in a day. One good simple practice to address your environmental self-care is to make your bed as soon as you wake up.

Cleaning up is one good way of self-care. It is actually therapeutic to throw garbage and junk out of your cabinets and drawers. All the more it is rewarding to see that your room is clean and neat after the mess.


Peace of mind is an important part of self-care. If you ever felt the sense of calmness when you are deeply immersed in one activity that you enjoy, it can be a spiritual experience.

During a yoga session, most of the time you are focused on thoughts that are aimed to better and improve yourself. Sometimes helping other people can also satisfy our spiritual self-care.


Worrying financially can drastically affect ourselves which may lead to an emotional breakdown, constant anxious thoughts, and even depression. When we are confronted with financial problems, we tend to dwell on negative thoughts and think constantly of the solution to resolve the problem.

It’s understandably stressful not having enough money to sustain needs especially if you are the breadwinner of the family or even when you are living alone because you only depend on yourself to survive.

To prevent this from happening, it’s best to keep track of what you are spending. Individuals need to establish a healthy connection with money. Money is a huge part of our lives and earning it is difficult. Creating financial planning will do the aid or consult experts to help you save up and figure out strategies to spend cash.


Psychological self-care can vary in many ways. Reading a book can refresh your mind and can even help you gain a lot of substantial knowledge about a particular subject. After a long tiring day, you may even cook your favorite dish and enjoy the entire process- cooking is known as a therapeutic activity that helps people decompress from a tedious day.

Everyone needs to recharge and re-evaluate to maintain a healthy relationship with ourselves. We are susceptible to countless distress in life but we can combat it through mindful decisions and individualized self-care.


Everyone has different ways of coping with problems. Self-care is personalized- some prefer cooking, some prefer solitude, some prefer spending quality time with friends and family. Each different scope helps us value ourselves more and live genuinely.

About Admin

Nicole T. Conquilla is a 21-year old registered Psychometrician in the Philippines. She is a graduate of Bachelor of Science in Psychology who is a strong mental health advocate and encourages people to discuss, help, and support one another to cope and get through their mental health problems.

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